I'm back from Steubenville. I'll post some thoughts in the days to come.
Dr. Jeremy Holmes: “Participation, Exegesis and Liturgy” (working title)All this is to say that I'll likely have a stimulating week with lots to post about when I return back to Dallas. If I get the chance, I'll try to post something during the week, otherwise I won't be blogging until the beginning of June.
Dr. Ben Wiker: “The Bible Politicized”
Dr. Jeff Morrow: “Modern Biblical Interpretation and the Sacramental Hermeneutic”
Dr. Bryan Stewart: “Levitical Paradigms for Christian Ministers in the Third and Fourth Century Church”
Dr. John Bergsma: “All Israel: The Eschatalogical Self-Identity of the Qumran Community”
But to those who are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ is the power of God and the wisdom of God...He is the source of your life in Christ Jesus, whom God made our wisdom, our righteousness and sanctification and redemption (1 Cor 1:24, 30).Christ fulfills the Old Testament tradition of the primordial Wisdom (חחמה,"Chokmah") of the Lord. St. John used the concept by identifying Christ as the Divine Word or Logos of God (John 1:1-13). As Wisdom Incarnate, Christ is seated on the lap of His Blessed Mother. Mary is the throne from which Christ rules the universe.
In all our travels and movements in all our coming in and going out, in putting of our shoes, at the bath, at the table, in lighting our candles, in lying down, in sitting down, whatever employment occupieth us, we mark our foreheads with the sign of the cross. (Tertullian, De corona milites, 3)As is obvious, the original sign of the cross was not the large one that we make from our foreheads to our torsos and then across our shoulders. St. Cyril of Jerusalem confirms the same:
Let us then not be ashamed to confess He who was crucified. Be the cross our seal, made with boldness by our fingers on our brow and in everything; over the bread we eat and the cups we drink, in our comings and in goings; before our sleep, when we lie down and when we awake; when we are traveling, and when we are at rest. (Cyril of Jerusalem, Catecheses, 13)The widespread use of signing the forehead with the cross is likely Apostolic in origin. I believe that Revelation 7:3, 9:4, and 14:1 are referring to the practice. These redeemed men are "signed on the forehead". Of course, the imagery comes from Ezekiel 9:4 where the faithful are sealed upon their foreheads with a mark of redemption.
“The shape of the letter ‘Tau’ presented a resemblance to the figure of the Cross and that therein was contained a prophesy of the sign which is made by Christians upon their foreheads, for all the faithful make this sign in commencing any undertaking and especially at the beginning of prayer or of reading Holy Scripture. (Origen, In Ezekiel, 3)As to the origin of the large cross that we make today across our shoulders, does anyone know when it became popular?
Greatly instructed I shall hence depart,Michael responds: “This having learnt, thou has attain’d the sum.” (PL 12. 575) Thus, Milton articulates what he as illustrated all along. Natural reason, natural knowledge, and natural philosophy are at best dangerous, at worst sinful. It seems that the pride of Adam actually began to develop during his discourse with Raphael prior to the fall. Raphael descends with one sole purpose. Raphael has been sent by God to remind Adam to obey the divine command. Instead, Adam seems only interested in what we might call philosophy and science.
Greatly in peace of thought, and have my fill
Of knowledge, what this Vessel can contain;
Beyond which was my folly to aspire.
Henceforth I learn, that to be obey is best. (Paradise Lost 12. 557-61)
 But in the night in which the Lord's day dawned, when the soldiers were safeguarding it two by two in every watch, there was a loud voice in heaven;  and they saw that the heavens were opened and that two males who had much radiance had come down from there and come near the sepulcher.  But that stone which had been thrust against the door, having rolled by itself, went a distance off the side; and the sepulcher opened, and both the young men entered.  And so those soldiers, having seen, awakened the centurion and the elders (for they too were present, safeguarding).  And while they were relating what they had seen, again they see three males who have come out from they sepulcher, with the two supporting the other one, and a cross following them,  and the head of the two reaching unto heaven, but that of the one being led out by a hand by them going beyond the heavens.  And they were hearing a voice from the heavens saying, 'Have you made proclamation to the fallen-asleep?'  And an obeisance was heard from the cross, 'Yes.'This account seems Docetic as the body of Christ seems to be extremely large. The talking cross is an odd addition. John Dominic Crossan suggests that the cross is the cruciform procession of the faithful following Christ to heaven. N.T. Wright disagrees. Whatever it is, I imagine that it is depicting something allegorical. Another problem with this Gospel account is that the resurrection and the ascension seem to be a single event.
For the apostles, in the memoirs composed by them, which are called Gospels, have thus delivered unto us what was enjoined upon them; that Jesus took bread, and when He had given thanks, said, "This do ye in remembrance of Me..." First Apology 66This quote is interesting because: A) it identifies "the Gospels" (plural) as the memoirs of the Apostles, and B) because Justin ties the Gospels with the Eucharistic liturgy.
Barack Obama's former pastor, Jeremiah Wright catapulted black liberation theology onto a national stage, when America discovered Trinity United Church of Christ. Understanding the background of the movement might give better clarity into Wright's recent vitriolic preaching. A clear definition of black theology was first given formulation in 1969 by the National Committee of Black Church Men in the midst of the civil-rights movement:Check out the full article over at the Acton Institute.
Black theology is a theology of black liberation. It seeks to plumb the black condition in the light of God's revelation in Jesus Christ, so that the black community can see that the gospel is commensurate with the achievements of black humanity. Black theology is a theology of 'blackness.' It is the affirmation of black humanity that emancipates black people from White racism, thus providing authentic freedom for both white and black people. It affirms the humanity of white people in that it says 'No' to the encroachment of white oppression.
In the 1960s, black churches began to focus their attention beyond helping blacks cope with national racial discrimination particularly in urban areas.